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Acronyms

AC alternating current
AC autocorrelation
ACI American Competitiveness and Innovation (fellowship)
ADSC Area Detector Systems Corporation
AF antiferromagnet, antiferromagnetic
AFM atomic force microscopy/microscope
AFRD Accelerator and Fusion Research Division (LBNL)
AIP accelerator improvement project
ALS Advanced Light Source
AMBER Advanced Materials Beamline for Energy Research
AMO atomic, molecular, and optical science
ANL Argonne National Laboratory
AP approved program
APC ALS Procedure Center
APD avalanche photodiode
APPELS ambient pressure photoelectron lens system
APPES ambient-pressure photoelectron spectroscopy
APS Advanced Photon Source
APXPS ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
ARIA Accelerator Reliability Improvement Activity
ARPES angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy
ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
AT accelerator toolbox
ATP adenosine triphosphate
AVS American Vacuum Society
AXIS Advanced X-Ray Inelastic Scattering (endstation)
BCSB Berkeley Center for Structural Biology
BES Basic Energy Sciences
BESAC Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee
BESSY Berliner Elektronenspeicherring-Gesellschaft für Synchrotronstrahlung (German synchrotron facility)
BNCO [(Ba0.9Nd0.1)CuO2+d]2
BPM beam-position monitor
BPR binary pseudo-random
BSISB Berkeley Synchrotron Infrared Structural Biology
BTF Beam Test Facility
BW bandwidth
BZ Brillouin zone
C#/.NET C# programming language run on the .NET programming framework for Windows operating systems
CALIPSO California High-Pressure Science Observatory
CCD charge-coupled device
CCO [CaCuO2]2
CD compact disc
CD-ROM compact disc read-only memory
CD4 DOE critical decision 4
CDS correlated double sampling
CMM collector micromodule
CMOS complementary metal-oxide semiconductor
CNRS Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
CNT carbon nanotube
COMPRES Consortium for Materials Properties Research in Earth Sciences
COSMIC Coherent Scattering and Diffraction Microscopy
CPU central processing unit
CR charge reservoir
CSD Chemical Sciences Division (LBNL)
CSR coherent synchrotron radiation
CT charge transfer
CXDI coherent diffraction x-ray imaging
CXRO Center for X-Ray Optics
CY calendar year
DAC diamond-anvil cell
DAQ data acquisition
DC direct current
DFT density functional theory
DI deionized (water)
DLTP developmental long-trace profiler
DMM display micromodule
DMS diluted magnetic semiconductor
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DOE Department of Energy
DOMO Dynamic Offsite MX Operator
DOS density of states
DSP digital signal processor
dsRNA double-stranded RNA
DSSR double split-ring resonator
ECR electron cyclotron resonance
EDC energy distribution curve
EDM Extensible Display Manager (graphic user interface builder)
EDM electric-discharge machine
EE Electrical Engineering (group)
EFRC Energy Frontier Research Center
EGFR epidermal growth factor receptor
EM electron microscope
EMRS European Materials Research Society
ENG Engineering Division (LBNL)
EPBI errant photon-beam interlock
EPICS Experimetnal Physics and Industrial Control System
EPS equipment protection system
EPSR empirical potential structure refinement
EPU elliptically polarizing undulator
ESF Electronic Structure Factory (endstation)
ESG Experimental Systems Group
ESH/ES&H/EHS Environment, safety, and health
ESNET Energy Sciences Network
ESP Electron Spin Polarization (endstation)
ESRF European Synchrotron Radiation Facility
EUV extreme ultraviolet
EXAFS extended x-ray absorption fine structure (spectroscopy)
F8BT poly(9,9′-dioctylfluorene-co-benzothiadiazole)
FCCD fast CCD
FEL free-electron laser
FET field-effect transistor
FLASH Free-Electron Laser in Hamburg
FM ferromagnet, ferromagnetic
FPGA field-programmable gate array
FRA frequency-response analyzer
FSDP first strong diffraction peak
FT Fourier transform
FTE full-time employee
FTIR Fourier-transform infrared
FWHM full width half maximum
FY fiscal year
FZD Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (award)
GISAXS grazing-incidence small-angle x-ray scattering
GIWAXS grazing-incidence wide-angle x-ray scattering
GLASS Global Scan of All Stable Settings (lattice optimizing technique)
GMR giant magnetoresistance
GSECARS Geo Soil Enviro Center for Advanced Radiation Sources (APS)
GSF gross square feet
GTSC Glenn T. Seaborg Center
GU general user
HA hemagglutinin
HARP high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission
HEA hemispherical energy analyzer
HERS High Energy Resolution Spectroscopy (endstation)
HF high-flux (grating)
HHMI Howard Hughes Medical Institute
HiRAMES High-Resolution Atomic and Molecular Electron Spectrometer
HOPG highly ordered pyrolytic graphite
HPA high-power amplifiers
HPLC high-performance liquid chromatography
HR high-resolution (grating)
HTH helix-turn-helix (motif)
HTS high-temperature superconductor
HTSC high-temperature superconductor
HV high voltage; also high vacuum
HVAC heating, ventilating, and air conditioning
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IL interference lithography
IL infinite layer
ILC intelligent local controller
IOC input/output controller
IOT inductive output tube
IPB Ion-Photon Beamline
IR infrared
IT information technology
IUPAP International Union of Pure and Applied Physics
IVU in-vacuum undulator
JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory
K-B Kirkpatrick-Baez (mirror)
LBCO La2-xBaxCuO4
LBNL Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab)
LCLS Linac Coherent Light Source
LCW low-conductivity water
LDRD Laboratory Directed Research and Development (program)
LDRD Laboratory Directed Research and Development
LED light-emitting diode
LEED low-energy electron diffraction
LER line-edge roughness
LEX low-energy exchange scattering
LFP LiFePO4 (lithium battery material)
LIGA German acronym for deep-etch x-ray lithography
LLNL Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
LOCO local control
LSCO (La2-xSrx)CuO4
LTP long-trace profiler
LUXOR Lightsource Upgrade of X-Ray Optics for Research
LWR line-width roughness
M.S. Master of Science
MAD multiple-wavelength anomalous diffraction
MAESTRO Microscopy and Electronic Structure Observatory
Matlab high-level technical computing language
MBE molecular beam epitaxy
MBI microbunching instability
MCP multichannel plate
MCT mercury cadmium telluride
MERIXS M-Edge Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering (endstation)
MERLIN meV-Resolution (Beam) Line
MES Molecular Environmental Science
MF Molecular Foundry
MIEC mixed ionic/electronic conducting
miRNA MicroRNA
MML Matlab Middle Layer
MOF metal–organic framework
MOGA multi-objective genetic algorithms (lattice optimizing technique)
MOP multi-objective optimization problem
MRAM magnetic random-access memory
MRI Major Research Instrumentation (NSF program)
mRNA messenger RNA
MSD Materials Sciences Division (LBNL)
MTBF mean time between failures
MTF modulation transfer function
MTTR mean time to recovery
MX macromolecular crystallography
NA not applicable
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NCEM National Center for Electron Microscopy
NCXT National Center for X-Ray Tomography
NERSC National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center
NEXAFS near-edge x-ray absorption fine-structure (spectroscopy)
NGLS Next-Generation Light Source
NI National Instruments
NIGMS National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH)
NIH National Institutes of Health
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NSF National Science Foundation
NSLS National Synchrotron Light Source
NTP nucleoside triphosphate
OBER Office of Biological and Environmental Research (DOE)
OD optical density
OD outer diameter
OML Optical Metrology Laboratory
OS operating system
OSC organic solar cell
PBD Physical Biosciences Division (LBNL)
PC personal computer
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PDOS partial density of states
PE photoelectron
PE polyethylene
PEEM Photoemission electron microscopy (or microscope)
PES photoelectron spectroscopy
PET preliminary examination team
PFB poly(9,9′-dioctylfluorene-co-bis(N,N′-(4,butylphenyl))bis(N,N′-phenyl-1,4-phenylene)dia-mine)
PGM plane-grating monochromator
Ph.D. Doctor of Philosophy
PI principal investigator
PI polyimide
PIE photoionization efficiency
PIPOS photon-in/photon-out spectroscopy
PLD pulsed-laser deposition
PRT participating research team
PSP Proposal Study Panel
PSS personnel safety shutter
PTB Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (German metrology institute)
PX protein crystallography
QA quality assurance
QCM quartz crystal microbalance
QEPU quasi-periodic elliptically polarizing undulator
QERLIN Q-Resolved Inelastic Scattering (Beam) Line
QFA focusing quadrupole magnet
R&D research and development
RADIA 3D magnetostatics computer code optimized for undulators and wigglers
RAM random-access memory
rf radiofrequency
RISC RNA-induced silencing complex
RIXS resonant inelastic x-ray scattering
rms root-mean-square
RNA ribonucleic acid
RPAE random phase approximation with exchange
RSXS resonant soft x-ray scattering
SAC Scientific Advisory Committee
SAD single-wavelength anomalous diffraction
SAM Stanford Automounting System
SAS small-angle scattering
SAXS small-angle x-ray scattering
SAXS small-angle x-ray scattering
SBS Society for Biomolecular Screening
SD defocusing sextupole magnet
SDD silicon drift detector
SEM scanning electron microscopy (or microscope)
SEMATECH Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology (consortium)
SF focusing sextupole magnet
SGM spherical-grating monochromator
SIBYLS Structurally Integrated Biology for Life Sciences
SINAP Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics
siRNA short interfering RNA
SL superlattice
SLAC SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
SLAC Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
SLS Swiss Light Source
SMT Strategic Management Team
SNUG Synchrotron and Neutron Users’ Group
SOC solid-oxide electrochemical cell; also state of charge
SOI silicon-on-insulator
SPLEEM spin-polarized low-energy electron microscope
SPring-8 Super Photon Ring 8 GeV (Japan)
SPS Siam Photon Source
SR-FTIR synchrotron radiation Fourier-transform infrared
SRC Synchrotron Radiation Center, University of Wisconsin
SRRF storage-ring radio frequency
ssDNA single-stranded DNA
SSG Scientific Support Group
SSRF Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility
SSRL Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource
SSRL Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory
STJ superconducting tunnel junction (detector)
STM scanning tunneling microscopy
STXM scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (or microscope)
SWCN single-walled (carbon) nanotubes
SXF soft x-ray fluorescence
TBA triple-bend achromatic
TDLDA time-dependent local-density approximation
TEM transmission electron microscopy (or microscope)
TEY total electron yield
TFB poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene-co-N-(4-butylphenyl)diphenylamine)
TFY total fluorescence yield
TIPS Theory Institute for Photon Sciences
TM transition metal
TOF time-of-flight
tRNA transfer RNA
TSFZ traveling solvent floating zone (crystal-growing technique)
U.K. United Kingdom
U.S. United States
UC University of California
UCB University of California, Berkeley
UCD University of California, Davis
UCLA University of California, Los Angeles
UCOP University of California, Office of the President
UEC Users' Executive Committee
UHV ultrahigh vacuum
UNLV University of Nevada, Las Vegas
URA uniformly redundant array
USB User Support Building
USB universal serial bus
UV ultraviolet
UXF Ultrafast X-Ray Facility
VIA variable-included-angle (monochromator)
VLS variable line spacing (grating)
VMI Velocity Map Imaging (spectrometer)
VUV vacuum ultraviolet
VUVX Vacuum Ultraviolet and X-Ray Physics (conference)
WAXS wide-angle x-ray scattering
XA x-ray absorption
XAFS x-ray absorption fine structure
XANES x-ray absorption near-edge structure (spectroscopy)
XAS x-ray absorption spectroscopy/spectra
XES x-ray emission spectroscopy/spectra
XMCD x-ray magnetic circular dichroism
XMLD x-ray magnetic linear dichroism
XPD x-ray photoelectron diffraction
XPEEM x-ray photoemission electron microscopy (microscope)
XPS x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
XRD x-ray diffraction
YBCO YBaCuO (superconducting material)
YSZ yttria-stabilized zirconia
ZMOF zeolite-like metal organic framework
ZRS Zhang-Rice singlet
µXAS micro x-ray absorption spectroscopy
µXRD micro x-ray diffraction
µXRF micro x-ray fluorescence